Unit 89. Lí thuyết (phần 2)

Tác giả

Unit 89. All, every and whole.

C.

Every/everybody/ everything are singular words, so we use a singular verb:

Every/everybody/everything là những từ số ít, vì vậy ta chia động từ ở số ít:

–          Every seat in the theatre was taken.

–          Mọi chỗ ngồi trong rạp hát đều đã có người.

–          Everybody has arrived. (not ‘have arrived’)

–          Mọi người đều đã tới.

But we often use they/them/their after everybody/everyone:

Nhưng ta thương dùng they/them/their sau everybody/everyone:

–          Everybody said they enjoyed themselves.

(= He or she enjoyed himself or herself)

(Mọi người đều đã nói họ hài lòng)

D. All and Whole

Whole = complet, entire. Most often we use whole with singular nouns:

–          Did you read the whole book? (=all the book, not just a part of it0

–          She has lived her whole life in Scotland.

We normal use the/my/her etc, before whole.

Compare whole and all:

the whole book/all the book her whole life/all her life.

You can use : a whole…

–          Jack was so hungry, he ate a whole packet of biscuits (= a complete packet)

We do not normally use whole with uncountable nouns. We say:

–          I ‘ ve spent all the money you gave me (not ‘the whole money)

E. Every/all/whoe with time words

We use every to say often something happends. So we say everyday/everyMonday/every ten minutes / evere three weeks etc…:

–          When we were on holiday, we went to the beach every day. (not ‘all day’)

–          The bus service is very good. There’s bus every ten minutes.

–          Ann gets paid every four weeks.

All day/the whole day = the complete day from beginning to end:

–          We spend all day/the whole day on the beach.

–          He was very quite. He didn’t say a word all evening/the whole evening.

Note that we say all day (not ‘all the day’), all week (not ‘all the week’) etc.

Compare all the time and every time:

–          They never go out. they are at home all the time. (=always no ‘every time’)

–          Every time I see you, you look different.

(=each time, on every occasion)

 

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