Unit 89. All, every and whole.
Every/everybody/ everything are singular words, so we use a singular verb:
Every/everybody/everything là những từ số ít, vì vậy ta chia động từ ở số ít:
– Every seat in the theatre was taken.
– Mọi chỗ ngồi trong rạp hát đều đã có người.
– Everybody has arrived. (not ‘have arrived’)
– Mọi người đều đã tới.
But we often use they/them/their after everybody/everyone:
Nhưng ta thương dùng they/them/their sau everybody/everyone:
– Everybody said they enjoyed themselves.
(= He or she enjoyed himself or herself)
(Mọi người đều đã nói họ hài lòng)
D. All and Whole
Whole = complet, entire. Most often we use whole with singular nouns:
– Did you read the whole book? (=all the book, not just a part of it0
– She has lived her whole life in Scotland.
We normal use the/my/her etc, before whole.
Compare whole and all:
the whole book/all the book her whole life/all her life.
You can use : a whole…
– Jack was so hungry, he ate a whole packet of biscuits (= a complete packet)
We do not normally use whole with uncountable nouns. We say:
– I ‘ ve spent all the money you gave me (not ‘the whole money)
E. Every/all/whoe with time words
We use every to say often something happends. So we say everyday/everyMonday/every ten minutes / evere three weeks etc…:
– When we were on holiday, we went to the beach every day. (not ‘all day’)
– The bus service is very good. There’s bus every ten minutes.
– Ann gets paid every four weeks.
All day/the whole day = the complete day from beginning to end:
– We spend all day/the whole day on the beach.
– He was very quite. He didn’t say a word all evening/the whole evening.
Note that we say all day (not ‘all the day’), all week (not ‘all the week’) etc.
Compare all the time and every time:
– They never go out. they are at home all the time. (=always no ‘every time’)
– Every time I see you, you look different.
(=each time, on every occasion)